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Lighted Popcorn Sign
Attach this lighted sign directly to your popper to increase visibility and sales.
Price: 143.95

Cotton Candy Sign
Increase sales with this lighted sign from Paragon.Measures 13" x 24".Sorry, this item has been discontinued
Price: 94.00

Thrifty Pop 4 Ounce Domestic Popcorn Popper
Made in the USA. High-output popper features a hard-coat anodized aluminum kettle. Side-hinged kettle. Sturdy cabinet construction. Tempered glass panels. Presentation lamp. One year warranty. Enjoy popcorn in your home's social and party rooms. Stand available.
Price: 275.00

Kettle Korn Popper
Build sales with this kettle korn popper from Paragon.From Paragon. 6 oz. popper is specially designed for sweet "kettle korn", easy-to-clean kettle, rapid-heating high-output kettle, simple controls for convenient operation, warming deck and kernal catcher. Specially designed for sweet "kettle korn" (sold seperately). Features easy-to-clean kettle, rapid-heating high-output kettle, simple controls for convenient operation, warming deck and kernal catcher. ETL tested to UL 197-CSA 22.2 No. 9-NSF.
Price: 594.00

Kettle Korn Popper w/ Cart
Paragon 6 oz. Kettle Korn popper with cart. Classic design is perfect for convenience stores, churches, concession stands and social clubs. Popcorn machine is designed for sweet "kettlekorn". Features easy-to-clean kettle, rapid-heating high-output kettle, simple controls for convenient operation, warming deck and kernal catcher. Simply place on top of the cart and you're ready to go. ETL tested to UL 197-CSA 22.2 No. 9-NSF.
Price: 910.00

Paragon 1911 8 Oz. Popcorn Machine and Cart
Whether the ORIGINAL 1911 BRAND 8-ounce popper ends up in a bar, hotel, cafeteria, retail store, bank or dealership, you will be assured of producing theater quality popcorn with turn-of-the-century nostalgia. Although designed after the machines used by street vendors on the streets of America 90 years ago, the 1911 eight-ounce popper incorporates 21st Century technology. Hard-coat anodized aluminum kettles, stainless steel food-zones and tempered glass cabinets insure that this popper is a snap to keep clean. 120V, 1420 Watts. Machine is 20"x16"x29". Cart is 16"x 38"x30".
Price: 1099.00

Thrifty Pop Domestic with Popcorn Stand
Made in the USA. High-output popper features a hard-coat anodized aluminum kettle. Side-hinged kettle. Sturdy cabinet construction. Tempered glass panels. Presentation lamp. One year warranty. Price includes stand.
Price: 450.00

Easywash Portion Control Scale
Easywash high performance heavy duty portion control scale from Pelouze features temperature compensated twin spring mechanism for accuracy in refrigerated prep rooms. 30 degree angled easy-to-read anti-glare dial. Heavy-duty steel construction. Large easy-to-read dial with shatter resistant lens and zero adjustment knob. Measures up to 32 ounces in 1/8 ounce increments.
Price: 155.00

Four Function Commercial Timer from Pelouze
The four function timer from Pelouze features a large, easy-to-read LCD display. Angled, sealed keypad is easy to use for one-hand operation and easy-to-clean. Red LED light provides a visual alarm. Loud pulsating alarm can be heard over the noise of a busy kitchen. 4-independent time cycles for managing multiple tasks at once. Oil and water resistant. Reverse timer after alarm displays the time after alarm sounds. Heavy-duty ABS plastic is durable. Built-in handle for convenient transport. Battery operated for use anywhere. Comes with one year manufacturers warranty.
Price: 49.00

Pelouze Compact Digital Portion Scale w/ Re-Chargable Battery
Consistent digital accuracy to 1/8 oz, .1 oz or 1 g anywhere on the stainless steel platform. 32 oz capacity. Rechargable battery pack allows 17-hour portable operation. AC adapter included for recharging on demand. Stainless platform removes for easy cleaning. Silicone sealed components resist moisture contamination. Durable construction, compact design. 3-Way mode LCD displays in decimals, fractions or grams. Hold mode locks display for 10 seconds after weight is removed from scale. Zero mode tares container weight / multiple ingredient weights. Auto shut off after 3 minutes. Low battery indicator. 6" x 6" platform. 8" long x 6" wide x 2" high. One year limmited warranty.
Price: 175.00

Pelouze Portion Control Scale
Features sealed ABS chassis to resist airborne contamination. Selectable units in fractions, decimals or grams. Low battery indicator tells you when you need to recharge battery. Auto shut-off after 5 minutes of inactivity extends battery life (easy to enable/disable to meet your needs). Quick push-button tare/zero weighs contents, not the container. Easy-to-read .5" display. Dishwasher-safe removable stainless steel platform. One Year Warranty
Price: 89.00

Pelouze Dial Pocket Thermometer
Dishwasher Safe! Stainless steel thermometer with shatter resistant lens. Innovative anti-roll design, this dial thermometer is dishwasher safe for quick and easy cleanup.
Price: 7.95

Transport Cabinet from Piper Products
On Sale!Piper Transport Cabinets are built extra-strong to withstand the rigors of transporting bakery and food service products. A welded bottom ensures rigidity as well as permits forklift loading and unloading. Heavy duty plate casters promote easy mobility, and with many sizes to choose from, storage space will never be a problem. Base is a solid bottom constructed of .125 inch aluminum, rolled edge base acts as a built-in bumper. Two 12-gauge aluminized steel reinforcing channels attach the casters and support the bottom panel. Frame consist of four extruded channels 1-1/2 x 5/8 x .094 aluminum. Corners have .190 channel supports forreinforcement. Double pan top constructed of two .080 thick aluminum panels. Fully welded corners. Glides are channels spaced on 1-1/2 inch centers with 5/8 inch ledge, .090 thick extruded aluminum continuously welded to then frame. Door panel is .125 inch PVC coated aluminum attached to cabinet with bakery hinges. 27
Price: 775.00

Cook and Hold Oven from Piper Products
The Chef System Cook and Hold Oven cooks meat and poultry with far less shrinkage than conventional methods. Meats cooked in the Chef System shrink as little as 7-10 percent compared to 25 percent in conventional ovens. The savings mean greater profitability. Exclusive Roast-Air cooking process combines 90 percent radiant heat with 10 percent low velocity convection to brown food naturally. Easy-to-use controls combine digital precision with simple dial adjustments. The settings can be changed at any time during the cooking process � preheating, cooking or holding. External vents control humidity without losingheat from opening the oven door. Power interruption warning � if power is ever lost for more than 10 minutes, the display will indicate the t
Price: 5125.00

Cook and Hold Oven with Smoker
Smoker features individually controlled, on/off switch,manual dials, and indicator lights. Two extra controls allow you to set the smoker delay and timer. The smoker box heats pieces of real wood wet or dry. A sample bag of wood chips is included with the smoker option. Cleaning is made easy with the Chef System�s stainless steel interior walls. Drip pan and chrome wire racks are easily removed for cleaning in a pot and pan sink. Versatility � slow roast and hold, smoke and hold or bake with Chef System ovens. Carries a one year manufacturer's warranty on parts and labor.
Price: 5580.00

Countertop Deck Oven from Piper Products
Each oven deck individually controlled provides precision hearth bake. Full-view, heat reflective glass doors Allows energy-efficient sight baking and proofing. Each deck brightly lighted provides sight merchandising. No moving parts eliminates maintenance problems. Heavy-duty, stainless steel construction is easily cleaned and maintained. Individually controlled decks provide precise control over baking environment. available in 120,208 or 240 Volt. One year manufacturers warranty.
Price: 2075.00

Countertop Oven from Piper Products
The NCO-2H Natural Convection Oven provides a quick return on your investment. So versatile you can bake cookies or muffins in the morning and pizza or sub-rolls at noon. Simple to operate, even your least experienced employee will be an expert quickly. All of this and the quality you have come to expect from Super Systems. Designed and built for commercial use. 120 Volt operation. Maximum oven temperature of 400 degrees. Includes a 60 minute timer and heat reflective tempered glass doors.
Price: 1095.00

Oven/Proofer Combination from Piper Products
Each oven deck is individually controlled to provide precision baking. Features full-view, heat reflective glass doors allowing energy-efficient sight baking and proofing. Each deck brightly is lighted for sight merchandising. No moving parts in oven eliminates maintenance problems. Heavy-duty, stainless steel construction is easily cleaned and maintained. Individual heat and humidity controls provide precise control over proofing environment. High volume blower circulates heat and humidity efficiently. Manual fill water pan Has 4.3 quart capacity. Oven holds 3 full sized sheet pans and proofer holds nine (six wire racks are proviced). One year manufacturers warranty.
Price: 7195.00

  United States Presidential Inauguration

The swearing-in of the President of the United States occurs upon the commencement of a new term of a President of the United States. The United States Constitution mandates that the President make the following oath or affirmation before he or she can "enter on the Execution" of the office of the presidency:

I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.

The newly elected or re-elected President traditionally adds "so help me God" to the constitutionally mandated statement.

The swearing-in traditionally takes place at noon on Inauguration Day at the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., with the Chief Justice of the United States administering the oath. From the presidency of Martin Van Buren through Jimmy Carter, the ceremony took place on the Capitol's East Portico. Since the 1981 inauguration of Ronald Reagan, the ceremony has been held at the Capitol's West Front. The inauguration of William Howard Taft in 1909 and Reagan in 1985 were moved indoors at the Capitol due to cold weather. Until 1937, Inauguration Day was March 4. Since then, Inauguration Day has occurred on January 20 (the 1933 ratification of the Twentieth Amendment changed the start date of the term).

Since Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth swore in President John Adams, no Chief Justice has missed a regularly-scheduled Inauguration Day swearing-in. When Inauguration Day has fallen on a Sunday, the Chief Justice has administered the oath to the President either on inauguration day itself or on the preceding Saturday privately and the following Monday publicly. Eight presidential deaths and Richard Nixon's resignation have forced the oath of office to be administered by other officials on other days. The War of 1812 and World War II forced two swearings-in to be held at other locations in Washington, D.C.

From 1789 through 2005, the swearing-in has been administered by 14 Chief Justices, one Associate Justice, three federal judges, two New York state judges, and one notary public. Though anyone legally authorized to administer an oath may swear in a President, to date the only person to do so who was not a judge was John C. Coolidge, Calvin Coolidge's father, a notary whose home the then-Vice President was visiting in 1923 when he learned of the death of President Warren G. Harding.



Inaugural ceremonies

The inauguration for the first U.S. president, George Washington, was held on April 30, 1789, in New York City. Inauguration Day was originally set for March 4, giving electors from each state nearly four months after Election Day to cast their ballots for president. In 1937, the day of inauguration was changed by the Twentieth Amendment from March 4 to noon on January 20, beginning with Franklin D. Roosevelt's second term in 1937. In 1801, Thomas Jefferson became the first to be sworn in as president in Washington, D.C., which did not officially become the federal capital until that year.[1]

The President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America and is the highest political official in the United States by influence and recognition. The President leads the executive branch of the federal government; his role is to execute the law as created by the Congress, in accordance with the Constitution of the United States. Article II of the Constitution establishes the President as commander-in-chief of the armed forces and enumerates powers specifically granted to the President, including the power to sign into law or veto bills passed by both houses of the Congress. The President also has the power to create a cabinet of advisers and to grant pardons or reprieves. Finally, with the "advice and consent" of the Senate, the President is empowered to make treaties and appoint federal officers, ambassadors and federal judges, including Justices of the Supreme Court. As with officials in the other branches of the federal government, the Constitution restrains the President with a set of checks and balances designed to prevent any individual or group from taking absolute power.




The Treaty of Paris in 1783 left the United States independent and at peace but with an unsettled governmental structure. The Second Continental Congress had drawn up Articles of Confederation in 1777, describing a permanent confederation, but granting to the Congress—the only federal institution—little power to finance itself or to ensure that its resolutions were enforced. In part, this reflected the anti-monarchy view of the Revolutionary period, and the new American system was explicitly designed to prevent the rise of an American tyrant to replace the British King.

However, during the economic depression due to the collapse of the continental dollar following the Revolution, the viability of the American government was threatened by political unrest in several states, efforts by debtors to use popular government to erase their debts, and the apparent inability of the Continental Congress to redeem the public obligations incurred during the war. The Congress also appeared unable to become a forum for productive cooperation among the States encouraging commerce and economic development. In response a Constitutional Convention was convened, ostensibly to reform the Articles of Confederation, but that subsequently began to draft a new system of government that would include greater executive power while retaining the checks and balances thought to be essential restraints on any imperial tendency in the office of the President.

Individuals who presided over the Continental Congress during the Revolutionary period and under the Articles of Confederation had the title "President of the United States in Congress Assembled," often shortened to "President of the United States". The office had little distinct executive power. With the 1788 ratification of the Constitution, a separate executive branch was created (President of the United States).

The President's executive authority under the Constitution, tempered by the checks and balances of the judicial and legislative branches of the federal government, was designed to solve several political problems faced by the young nation and to anticipate future challenges, while still preventing the rise of an autocrat over a nation wary of royal authority.

After World War II, the United States' status as a superpower transformed the President into one of the world's most well-known and influential public figures. The appellation "leader of the free world", frequently used in reference to Presidents since the Cold War, symbolizes the President's elevated role in world affairs. The official presidential anthem is "Hail to the Chief"; preceded by "ruffles and flourishes", it is primarily played to announce the President at state functions.[1]

Head of state is the generic term for the individual or collective office that serves as the chief public representative of a monarchic or republican nation-state, federation, commonwealth or any other political state. His or her role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the country's constitution and further legislation. The head of state is often thought of as the official "leader" of the nation-state.

Charles de Gaulle described the role he envisaged for the French president when he wrote the modern French constitution, stating the head of state should embody "the spirit of the nation" for the nation itself and the world: une certaine idée de la France (a certain idea about France). Today many countries expect their head of state to embody national values in a similar fashion.

This series is part of
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[edit] Constitutional models

In protocolary terms, states are distinguished as monarchy or republic depending on the style (and usually mode of accession, see below) of their head of state, a typical constitutional provision, but as such this is not defining for the actual political system, which often evolves significantly within either or can remain unaltered in other respects despite a transition from monarchy to republic (or, rarer, vice versa).

Different state constitutions (fundamental laws) establish different political systems, but four major types of heads of state can be distinguished:

  1. the non-executive head of state system, in which the head of state does not hold any executive power and mainly plays a symbolic role on behalf of the state;
  2. the parliamentary system, in which the head of state possesses executive power but the exercise of this power is done on the advice of a cabinet;
  3. the presidential system (sometimes called 'imperial'), in which the head of state is also the head of government and actively exercises executive power; and,
  4. the semi-presidential system, in which the head of state shares exercise of executive power with a head of government.

[edit] Non-executive heads of state

Mary McAleese, President of Ireland, is an example of a non-executive head of state.

One form that the head of state role takes can be loosely called the non-executive head of state model. Its holders are excluded completely from the executive: they do not possess even theoretical executive powers or any role, even formal, within the government. Hence their states' governments are not referred to by the traditional parliamentary model head of state styles of "His/Her Majesty's Government" or "His/Her Excellency's Government." Within this general category, variants in terms of powers and functions may exist. The King of Sweden, since the passage of the modern Swedish constitution (the Instrument of Government) in the mid 1970s, no longer has any of the parliamentary system head of state functions that had previously belonged to Swedish kings, but still receives formal cabinet briefings monthly in the royal palace. In contrast, the only contact the Irish president has with the Irish government is through a formal briefing session given by the Taoiseach (prime minister) to the President. However, he or she has no access to documentation and all access to ministers goes through the Department of An Taoiseach (prime minister's office).

[edit] Parliamentary system

Queen Elizabeth II, one of the world's best known and longest serving heads of states.

In parliamentary systems the head of state may be merely the nominal chief executive officer of the state, possessing executive power (hence the description of the United Kingdom monarch's government as His/Her Majesty's Government; a term indicating that all power belongs to the sovereign and the government acts on Her Majesty's behalf, not parliament's). In reality however, due to a process of constitutional evolution, powers are usually only exercised by direction of a cabinet, presided over by a prime minister, or President of the Government, who is answerable to the legislature. This accountability requires that someone be chosen from parliament who has parliament's support (or, at least, not parliament's opposition - a subtle but important difference). It also gives parliament the right to vote down the government, forcing it either to resign or seek a parliamentary dissolution. Governments are thus said to be responsible (or answerable) to parliament, with the government in turn accepting constitutional responsibility for offering constitutional advice to the head of state.

A monarchy is a form of government in which supreme power is absolutely or nominally lodged in an individual, who is the head of state, often for life or until abdication, and "is wholly set apart from all other members of the state."[1] The person who heads a monarchy is called a monarch. It was a common form of government in the world during the ancient and medieval times.

There is no clear definition of monarchy. Holding unlimited political power in the state is not the defining characteristic, as many constitutional monarchies such as the United Kingdom and Thailand are considered monarchies. Hereditary rule is often a common characteristic, but elective monarchies are considered monarchies (the pope, sovereign of the Vatican City State, is elected by the College of Cardinals) and some states have hereditary rulers, but are considered republics (such as the stadtholder of the Dutch Republic, or the Great Council of Chiefs in Fiji).[1] A 1914 edition of Bouvier's Law Dictionary states that "Monarchy is contradistinguished from republic," and gives this definition:

We cannot find any better definition of monarchy than what this is: a monarchy is the government which is ruled (really or theoretically) by one person, who is wholly set apart from all other members of the state's (called his subjects); while we call republic that government in which not only there exists an organism by which the opinion of the people, or of a portion of the people (as in aristocracies), passes over into public will, that is, law, but in which also the supreme power, or the executive power, returns, either periodically or at stated times (where the chief magistracy is for life), to the people, or a portion of the people, to be given anew to another person; or else, that government in which the hereditary portion (if there be any) is not the chief and leading portion of the government, as was the case in the Netherlands.[1]

Currently, 44 nations in the world have monarchs as heads of state, 16 of which are Commonwealth realms that recognise Queen Elizabeth II as their head of state. Elizabeth II also holds a variety of other positions, among them Head of the Commonwealth, Supreme Governor of the Church of England, Duke of Normandy, Lord of Mann, and Paramount Chief of Fiji.



[edit] Etymology

     Absolute monarchy     Semi-constitutional monarchy     Constitutional monarchy     States in personal union with a constitutional monarch, such as many Commonwealth realms     Subnational monarchies (partial)

The word monarch (Latin: monarcha) comes from the Greek μονάρχης (from μόνος, "one/singular," and ἀρχων, "leader/ruler/chief") which referred to a single, at least nominally absolute ruler. With time, the word has been succeeded in this meaning by others, such as autocrat or dictator. In modern use the word monarch generally is used when referring to a traditional system of hereditary rule, with elective monarchies often considered as exceptions.

[edit] Characteristics and role

Part of the Politics series on
Crown of St. Edward
Politics portal

Today, the extent of a monarch's powers varies:


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