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Bev Naps - Box of 1000
Price: 4.75

Bev Naps
RV23160-K Pack of 1000 $4.50RV23160-4K Case of 4000 $16.95Fit in napkin holders above.
Price: .00

Regalware 8 Piece Solid Stainless Cookware Set
Commercial weight 18/8 stainless steel construction that will stand up to heavy duty use while maintaining an elegant presentation style. Both 8 and 10 inch pans have a triple coat non stick interior. The covers are designed to form a vapor seal with the shoulder of the pan to prevent the food's natural ingredients from escaping in the steam. Encapsulated aluminum slab bottom assures even heat distribution. Riveted handles and knobs are sure-grip and cool-touch. Oven safe up tp 350 degrees. Performs well on gas, electric and smooth top glass ranges.
Price: 135.00

Regalware 2 Liter Airpot
The Regalware airpot thermal carafe features a double wall, vacuum insulated stainless steel construction with a wide stable base and drip-free pouring spout. No glass to break. The brushed 18/10 stainless steel exterior stands up to daily use in a commercial environment. Keeps beverages hot or cold for hours.
Price: 44.95

SaniServ Frozen Drink Machine Model 108
Designed For Medium Volume Applications. 8 Gallons per Hour , 26 Quart Capacity. The SaniServ Model 108 Frozen Beverage Machine provides owners and operators everything they are asking for: Frozen drink visibility merchandising in a consistent and reliable machine! The 108's extra large 8 inch faceplate design allows customers to view colorful frozen drinks being offered without the condensation and unreliable operation of traditional "bubble top" machines! The high frozen product visibility, along with increased production and reliability, results in increased sales and high profits! Small Footprint Design:SaniServ offers frozen product visibility in reliable space saving equipment and design! Owners and Operators can turn the countertop into a highly colorful profit center by providing the frozen beverages customers enjoy!Easy Cleaning and Operation:Fewer Parts = Simplified Cleaning. SaniServ equipment is designed and built with the fewer parts to be disas
Price: 5735.00

Sani Serv Model 407 Soft Serve Ice Cream Machine
Counter model ice cream / yogurt machine for low volume operations such as cafes and restaurants. Two - 4 oz. Servings per minute. 10-Quart capacity. Space saving small Footprint Design - SaniServ model 407 saves valuable floor space and turns the countertop into a real profitcenter by serving high profit ice cream and yogurt products. Easy Cleaning and Operation. Fewer Parts = Simplified Cleaning � SaniServ equipment is designed and built with the fewer parts to be disassembled, cleaned and sanitized than any other machine in the industry. Increased Profits � SaniServ machines combine efficiency with consistent product quality and fast quiet operation while insuring customer satisfaction with high profit ice cream or yogurt products. Quality Design. Durability � SaniServ machines are built to achieve long and dependable life through simplicity of design. Every machine is shipped standard with a stainless steel exterior, durable steelinterior frame construction, heavy-duty components a
Price: 4495.00

SaniServe Soft Serve Ice Cream / Yogurt Machine 408
Designed for medium & lower volume applications. Five 4 oz. Servings per minute. 20-quart capacity. Great for smaller restaurants and kitchens. Soft serve/yogurt freezer. Counter model. Air cooled. Self-contained refrigeration. 1 head. welded steel frame. Stainless steel exterior. Automatic torque control. Visual mix out system. 1 HP dasher. 3/4 HP compressor. UL, NSF. The SaniServ Model 408 Soft Serve Machine allowsbusiness owners to affordably provide high profit softserve and frozen yogurt products with theconvenience of 115-volt electrical access. The 408 canhandle producing product for all day operations and isa favorite among owners in satisfying customerdemand for great frozen treats any time; any place! 17.0"W x 32.5"H x 28.6"D. Quick Recovery...Compact and Durable...Simple in design for easy cleaning...Heavy duty components...Electrical: 115/60 Hz/30 Amp. Controls: Automatic consistency controls for improved product consistency. Tamper Proof Automatic Visual
Price: 6575.00

SaniServe Twist Soft Ice Cream Machine 501
Designed for medium volume applications. Four 4 oz. servings per minute per side and 11-Quart per side capacity. Ideal for restaurants, concessionaires and amusement parks. The SaniServ Model 501 Soft Serve and Frozen YogurtMachine is a favorite in providing versatility to servetwo individual flavors as well as a flavor twist. The 501offers high profit, consistent quality soft serve andyogurt products in a popular countertop design. Twoindependent flavor hoppers and barrels guaranteeseparation of product and flavors. Ease of operationinsures the 501 as a favorite among owners andoperators while providing customers the popularflavor twist they enjoy! 24.0"W x 33.1"H x 34.5"D. 208-230V/60/1. 1 year parts, 1 year compressor warranty.Additional Start-Up service for $350.00 required for warranty.
Price: 10950.00

SaniServ High Volume Drink Machine 707
Designed for high volume operations. 8 Gallons Per Hour - 20 quart capacity. The SaniServ Model 707 Frozen Drink Machine is a customer favorite! Its sleek single barrel profile has the ability to offer many types of slush beverages! Choose from frozen margaritas and daiquiris to frozen fruit flavor drinks such as frozen lemonade and fruit smoothies. The 707 is a must have for the customer looking for an affordable way to offer all of their favorite coctails frozen!Small Footprint Design:Save valuable floor space and turn the bar or countertop into a real profit center. By offering the finest quality of frozen drinks each time, every frozen beverage is consistent from the first to the last!Fewer Parts = Simplified Cleaning:SaniServ equipment is designed and built with the fewer parts to be disassembled, cleaned and sanitized than any other machine in the industry. The state of the art solid-state AccuFreeze control insures product consistency, worry-free operation and cu
Price: 4745.00

Simple Steam Electric Countertop Steamer
Exterior finish is 304 stainless steel finish with #4 sanitary finish. Interior finish is standard 304 stainless steel. Fully insulated cooking compartment. One power source for controls and elements as well as one ground wire. A positive ground connection is essential. In the "OFF" position the power is off and the drain valve is open. In the "ON" position, the power is on ad the drain valve is closed. Time can be set between 1 and 60 minutes. When the time expires, buzzer sounds. Buzzer can be disabledby turning knob to manual position. Timer has no effect on the operation of the steamer. Steam in only generated when required by food being cooked. With no food in the cavity, the unit idles at operating temperature. Check water level light ndicates that the cavity does not have sufficient water. Water can be added through the trough over the door without opening the door, if desired. 4" stainless steel adjustable legs. One year manufacturers warranty. Ava
Price: 3650.00

SteamMaster RapidSteam Electric Steamer
SteamMaster R2 by Southbend offers increased productivity in a space-saving design. The R2 offers 33% more capacity than it?s competition, yet it?s only 16 inches wide, and no side clearance is required. It is totally self-contained, which means steam is generated within the cavity without the cost of expensive boiler maintenance. No hood needed. Efficient design allows the unit to be 90% serviceable from the front, should it ever need servicing. A field reversible door lets the operator tailor the unit to fit the existing kitchen design, or change as the kitchen changes. A "Delime" light warns of dangerous lime buildup before it becomes a problem for your kitchen. Includes a one year manufacturers warranty.
Price: 2775.00

Dual Popcorn Server
Popcorn warmer is constructed of stainless steel with abrushed #4 finish, insulated walls, and tempered glass. Eachdesign has twin elevator wells to keep popcorn at optimumserving level. Wells come complete with a lift-off lid to cover popcorn when not in use. Thermostatically controlled forced hot air achieves ideal serving temperature in only 30 minutes. These large-capacity warmers hold enough popcorn for 300 24-ounce servings. Fluorescent lighting enhances popcorn appearance. Also includes a built-in automatic butter server with an exclusive stainless steel bowl. Capacity is 3 1/2-quarts. The trigger bar dispenses portions of 4.5 mL per serving. Also available with 6 mL servings, ?specify when ordering (please specify in notes). Comescomplete with a back-lighted picture of popcorn and servingcups. Hopper design merchandises popcorn at all levels of fullness. Mounted on rollers for easy cleaning behind and under unit. Includes two removable waste trays at bottom of each unit. Will w
Price: 3275.00

Mix-N-Serve from Server Products
Features an adjustable thermostat holds product up to 170 degrees and locks to prevent accidental changes. A 400 watt heating element heats product evenly without burning or scorching. Two ON/OFF lighted rocker switches control the heating element and stir mechanism. The Mix-N-Serve includes a melting basket and removable six-quart stainless steel food vessel. Product is dispensed from a heavy duty, spigot style faucet. Durable stainless steel and plastic construction Six-quart capacity. Removable food vessel for easy cleanup. Thermostat lock prevents accidental temperature changes. Magnetic agitator keeps product from separating
Price: 485.00

Server Express Triple Dispenser
The Server Express System achieves up to 98% evacuation.Individual pouch supports keep each condiment pouch inplace and aid in transporting and set up. Designed for counter-top use. Pump several condiments from one space-saving unit. Holds 1 1/2-gallon Cryovac pouches with fitment. Pumps are constructed of five surgical-quality plastic parts, quick to breakdown and completely dishwasher safe. Maximum stroke yields 1-ounce servings. Easy-to-adjust portion control in 1/4-ounce increments. Two discharge tube fittings?black for ketchup and mustard, white for thicker product
Price: 599.00

Server Express Condiment Cart
Consists of a stainless steel cart with black vinyl exterior. For maneuverability in tight quarters and through doorways, the wide tread, extra load, 5 inch casters do an excellent job. Two casters are fixed and two swivel (with brakes). Server-side, hinged, locking doors provide local access to additional product and keep supplies safely out of public reach. Includes two Server Express condiment systems, two Serve-A-Cup soufflT cup dispensers, one insulated relish server, one 3-pan dispenser and a napkin holder. NSF approved.
Price: 3790.00

Single Stand, Countertop Pump
Server Solution Single Stand, countertop design. Non insulated, single well with poly. pump. Well holds one number 10 can, one gallon jar or one number ten pouch. Portion control with stainless steel construction and brushed finish. NSF approved.
Price: 119.00

Serving Station with Sneeze Guard
A sneeze guard over the center section helps prevent contamination. The sneeze guard is constructed of clear polycarbonate and stainless steel. Center section holds three 1/6-size pans up to 6 inches deep or one 1/6-size and three 1/9-size. Pans are sold separately. Maximum stroke yields 1-oz . Adjusting portion control is made easy with the supplied gauging collars. Collars reduce portions in 1/4-oz. increments. Also includes mounting holes on bottom permit bolting to counter, decal set of Ketchup, Mustard and Mayonnaise. This condiment serving station features plastic Solution style pumps designed to dispense directly from a number 10 can, stainless steel jar or 1-gallon jar. Durable, polycarbonate pumps with a stainless steel station. Easy-to-adjust portion control in 1/4-oz. increments Removable parts are all dishwasher safe. Dispense a wide range of products from syrups to relish. 3 discharge fittings for thin to thick products. NSF approved.
Price: 399.00

Serving Station with Sneeze Guard and Stainless Steel Pumps
A sneeze guard over the center section helps prevent contamination. Sneeze guard is constructed of clear polycarbonate and stainless steel. Center section holds three 1/6-size pans up to 6 inches deep or one 1/6-size and three 1/9-size. Pans are sold separately. The condiment serving station features a stainless steel condiment pump in each end well. Pumps are designed to dispense directly from a number 10 can, a stainless steel jar or a 1-gallon jar. Includes two stainless steel pumps with captured valve balls to eliminate loss. A one ounce serving stroke. Easy-to-adjust portion control in 1/4-ounce increments. One-piece hinged lid over pans help keep condiment safe. Two year manufacturers warranty. NSF approved.
Price: 489.00

  United States Presidential Inauguration

The swearing-in of the President of the United States occurs upon the commencement of a new term of a President of the United States. The United States Constitution mandates that the President make the following oath or affirmation before he or she can "enter on the Execution" of the office of the presidency:

I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.

The newly elected or re-elected President traditionally adds "so help me God" to the constitutionally mandated statement.

The swearing-in traditionally takes place at noon on Inauguration Day at the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., with the Chief Justice of the United States administering the oath. From the presidency of Martin Van Buren through Jimmy Carter, the ceremony took place on the Capitol's East Portico. Since the 1981 inauguration of Ronald Reagan, the ceremony has been held at the Capitol's West Front. The inauguration of William Howard Taft in 1909 and Reagan in 1985 were moved indoors at the Capitol due to cold weather. Until 1937, Inauguration Day was March 4. Since then, Inauguration Day has occurred on January 20 (the 1933 ratification of the Twentieth Amendment changed the start date of the term).

Since Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth swore in President John Adams, no Chief Justice has missed a regularly-scheduled Inauguration Day swearing-in. When Inauguration Day has fallen on a Sunday, the Chief Justice has administered the oath to the President either on inauguration day itself or on the preceding Saturday privately and the following Monday publicly. Eight presidential deaths and Richard Nixon's resignation have forced the oath of office to be administered by other officials on other days. The War of 1812 and World War II forced two swearings-in to be held at other locations in Washington, D.C.

From 1789 through 2005, the swearing-in has been administered by 14 Chief Justices, one Associate Justice, three federal judges, two New York state judges, and one notary public. Though anyone legally authorized to administer an oath may swear in a President, to date the only person to do so who was not a judge was John C. Coolidge, Calvin Coolidge's father, a notary whose home the then-Vice President was visiting in 1923 when he learned of the death of President Warren G. Harding.



Inaugural ceremonies

The inauguration for the first U.S. president, George Washington, was held on April 30, 1789, in New York City. Inauguration Day was originally set for March 4, giving electors from each state nearly four months after Election Day to cast their ballots for president. In 1937, the day of inauguration was changed by the Twentieth Amendment from March 4 to noon on January 20, beginning with Franklin D. Roosevelt's second term in 1937. In 1801, Thomas Jefferson became the first to be sworn in as president in Washington, D.C., which did not officially become the federal capital until that year.[1]

The President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America and is the highest political official in the United States by influence and recognition. The President leads the executive branch of the federal government; his role is to execute the law as created by the Congress, in accordance with the Constitution of the United States. Article II of the Constitution establishes the President as commander-in-chief of the armed forces and enumerates powers specifically granted to the President, including the power to sign into law or veto bills passed by both houses of the Congress. The President also has the power to create a cabinet of advisers and to grant pardons or reprieves. Finally, with the "advice and consent" of the Senate, the President is empowered to make treaties and appoint federal officers, ambassadors and federal judges, including Justices of the Supreme Court. As with officials in the other branches of the federal government, the Constitution restrains the President with a set of checks and balances designed to prevent any individual or group from taking absolute power.




The Treaty of Paris in 1783 left the United States independent and at peace but with an unsettled governmental structure. The Second Continental Congress had drawn up Articles of Confederation in 1777, describing a permanent confederation, but granting to the Congress—the only federal institution—little power to finance itself or to ensure that its resolutions were enforced. In part, this reflected the anti-monarchy view of the Revolutionary period, and the new American system was explicitly designed to prevent the rise of an American tyrant to replace the British King.

However, during the economic depression due to the collapse of the continental dollar following the Revolution, the viability of the American government was threatened by political unrest in several states, efforts by debtors to use popular government to erase their debts, and the apparent inability of the Continental Congress to redeem the public obligations incurred during the war. The Congress also appeared unable to become a forum for productive cooperation among the States encouraging commerce and economic development. In response a Constitutional Convention was convened, ostensibly to reform the Articles of Confederation, but that subsequently began to draft a new system of government that would include greater executive power while retaining the checks and balances thought to be essential restraints on any imperial tendency in the office of the President.

Individuals who presided over the Continental Congress during the Revolutionary period and under the Articles of Confederation had the title "President of the United States in Congress Assembled," often shortened to "President of the United States". The office had little distinct executive power. With the 1788 ratification of the Constitution, a separate executive branch was created (President of the United States).

The President's executive authority under the Constitution, tempered by the checks and balances of the judicial and legislative branches of the federal government, was designed to solve several political problems faced by the young nation and to anticipate future challenges, while still preventing the rise of an autocrat over a nation wary of royal authority.

After World War II, the United States' status as a superpower transformed the President into one of the world's most well-known and influential public figures. The appellation "leader of the free world", frequently used in reference to Presidents since the Cold War, symbolizes the President's elevated role in world affairs. The official presidential anthem is "Hail to the Chief"; preceded by "ruffles and flourishes", it is primarily played to announce the President at state functions.[1]

Head of state is the generic term for the individual or collective office that serves as the chief public representative of a monarchic or republican nation-state, federation, commonwealth or any other political state. His or her role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the country's constitution and further legislation. The head of state is often thought of as the official "leader" of the nation-state.

Charles de Gaulle described the role he envisaged for the French president when he wrote the modern French constitution, stating the head of state should embody "the spirit of the nation" for the nation itself and the world: une certaine idée de la France (a certain idea about France). Today many countries expect their head of state to embody national values in a similar fashion.

This series is part of
the Politics series

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[edit] Constitutional models

In protocolary terms, states are distinguished as monarchy or republic depending on the style (and usually mode of accession, see below) of their head of state, a typical constitutional provision, but as such this is not defining for the actual political system, which often evolves significantly within either or can remain unaltered in other respects despite a transition from monarchy to republic (or, rarer, vice versa).

Different state constitutions (fundamental laws) establish different political systems, but four major types of heads of state can be distinguished:

  1. the non-executive head of state system, in which the head of state does not hold any executive power and mainly plays a symbolic role on behalf of the state;
  2. the parliamentary system, in which the head of state possesses executive power but the exercise of this power is done on the advice of a cabinet;
  3. the presidential system (sometimes called 'imperial'), in which the head of state is also the head of government and actively exercises executive power; and,
  4. the semi-presidential system, in which the head of state shares exercise of executive power with a head of government.

[edit] Non-executive heads of state

Mary McAleese, President of Ireland, is an example of a non-executive head of state.

One form that the head of state role takes can be loosely called the non-executive head of state model. Its holders are excluded completely from the executive: they do not possess even theoretical executive powers or any role, even formal, within the government. Hence their states' governments are not referred to by the traditional parliamentary model head of state styles of "His/Her Majesty's Government" or "His/Her Excellency's Government." Within this general category, variants in terms of powers and functions may exist. The King of Sweden, since the passage of the modern Swedish constitution (the Instrument of Government) in the mid 1970s, no longer has any of the parliamentary system head of state functions that had previously belonged to Swedish kings, but still receives formal cabinet briefings monthly in the royal palace. In contrast, the only contact the Irish president has with the Irish government is through a formal briefing session given by the Taoiseach (prime minister) to the President. However, he or she has no access to documentation and all access to ministers goes through the Department of An Taoiseach (prime minister's office).

[edit] Parliamentary system

Queen Elizabeth II, one of the world's best known and longest serving heads of states.

In parliamentary systems the head of state may be merely the nominal chief executive officer of the state, possessing executive power (hence the description of the United Kingdom monarch's government as His/Her Majesty's Government; a term indicating that all power belongs to the sovereign and the government acts on Her Majesty's behalf, not parliament's). In reality however, due to a process of constitutional evolution, powers are usually only exercised by direction of a cabinet, presided over by a prime minister, or President of the Government, who is answerable to the legislature. This accountability requires that someone be chosen from parliament who has parliament's support (or, at least, not parliament's opposition - a subtle but important difference). It also gives parliament the right to vote down the government, forcing it either to resign or seek a parliamentary dissolution. Governments are thus said to be responsible (or answerable) to parliament, with the government in turn accepting constitutional responsibility for offering constitutional advice to the head of state.

A monarchy is a form of government in which supreme power is absolutely or nominally lodged in an individual, who is the head of state, often for life or until abdication, and "is wholly set apart from all other members of the state."[1] The person who heads a monarchy is called a monarch. It was a common form of government in the world during the ancient and medieval times.

There is no clear definition of monarchy. Holding unlimited political power in the state is not the defining characteristic, as many constitutional monarchies such as the United Kingdom and Thailand are considered monarchies. Hereditary rule is often a common characteristic, but elective monarchies are considered monarchies (the pope, sovereign of the Vatican City State, is elected by the College of Cardinals) and some states have hereditary rulers, but are considered republics (such as the stadtholder of the Dutch Republic, or the Great Council of Chiefs in Fiji).[1] A 1914 edition of Bouvier's Law Dictionary states that "Monarchy is contradistinguished from republic," and gives this definition:

We cannot find any better definition of monarchy than what this is: a monarchy is the government which is ruled (really or theoretically) by one person, who is wholly set apart from all other members of the state's (called his subjects); while we call republic that government in which not only there exists an organism by which the opinion of the people, or of a portion of the people (as in aristocracies), passes over into public will, that is, law, but in which also the supreme power, or the executive power, returns, either periodically or at stated times (where the chief magistracy is for life), to the people, or a portion of the people, to be given anew to another person; or else, that government in which the hereditary portion (if there be any) is not the chief and leading portion of the government, as was the case in the Netherlands.[1]

Currently, 44 nations in the world have monarchs as heads of state, 16 of which are Commonwealth realms that recognise Queen Elizabeth II as their head of state. Elizabeth II also holds a variety of other positions, among them Head of the Commonwealth, Supreme Governor of the Church of England, Duke of Normandy, Lord of Mann, and Paramount Chief of Fiji.



[edit] Etymology

     Absolute monarchy     Semi-constitutional monarchy     Constitutional monarchy     States in personal union with a constitutional monarch, such as many Commonwealth realms     Subnational monarchies (partial)

The word monarch (Latin: monarcha) comes from the Greek μονάρχης (from μόνος, "one/singular," and ἀρχων, "leader/ruler/chief") which referred to a single, at least nominally absolute ruler. With time, the word has been succeeded in this meaning by others, such as autocrat or dictator. In modern use the word monarch generally is used when referring to a traditional system of hereditary rule, with elective monarchies often considered as exceptions.

[edit] Characteristics and role

Part of the Politics series on
Crown of St. Edward
Politics portal

Today, the extent of a monarch's powers varies:


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